Frequently Asked Questions
- Q: What is the purpose of the USDA BioPreferred® Program?
A: The Program's purpose is to spur economic development, create new jobs, and provide new markets for farm commodities. By harnessing the powers of certification and the marketplace, the Program helps purchasers and users identify products with biobased content and assures them of its accuracy.
- Q: In which of the USDA BioPreferred Program's initiatives may I participate?
A: The BioPreferred Program has two major initiatives: mandatory federal purchasing and voluntary
labeling. A product that fits into one of the
identified for mandatory federal purchasing has
two options for participating: (1) As a qualified product under the mandatory federal purchasing initiative,
or (2) As a qualified product under the mandatory federal purchasing initiative and as a certified product
approved to display the USDA Certified Biobased Product label under the voluntary labeling initiative.
If a product does not fall into one of the 97 categories identified for
mandatory federal purchasing, then it may participate as a certified product that has been approved
to display the USDA Certified Biobased Product label.
- Q: What is a "biobased" product?
A: A biobased product is a commercial or industrial product (other than food or feed) that is composed, in whole or in significant part, of biological products, including renewable domestic agricultural materials (including plant, animal, and aquatic materials), forestry materials, intermediate materials, or feedstocks. Biobased products exclude motor vehicle fuels, heating oil, or electricity produced from biomass.
- Q: How do I determine the biobased content of a product?
A: Biobased content may be estimated using the ratio of "new" organic carbon (such as from
agricultural materials) to total organic carbon ("new" + "old" or petroleum-based carbon). Water and
inorganic carbon (such as carbonate) are excluded. The Program uses
to quantify the biobased
content of a product during the certification process.
- Q: What are the steps to have a product certified?
A: For a product to become a USDA Certified Biobased Product, a specific, federally regulated
list of steps
must be followed. Skipping or completing any steps out of order will prevent the product from becoming certified.
To get started, please use the
Company Tools Tutorial.
- Q: What are the eligibility requirements for the USDA Certified Biobased
A: Biobased products that fit within one of the
identified by the USDA for
mandatory Federal purchasing must meet or exceed the minimum biobased content requirement for that product
category. Products that do not fall under one of these product categories must be at least 25% biobased.
- Q: How much does it cost to participate in the Program?
A: At this time there is no fee for manufacturers or distributors to participate in the Program,
certification, labeling, or application process. Companies are responsible for the cost of biobased content
testing required during the label application process and periodic re-testing during audits. Product testing
is completed using ASTM D6866,
which costs approximately $400 USD per sample, plus shipping costs.
- Q: When applying for the USDA Certified Biobased Product label, is it required that the (agricultural) raw materials be grown in the U.S.?
A: No. Companies from 37 countries currently participate in the Program. As long as the country
in question is allowed to trade with the U.S. (see
for more information), companies from that country may participate in the Program.
- Q: Does USDA provide grant assistance to help defray the costs of testing?
A: The USDA BioPreferred Program does not provide such assistance, but some states may have, or may be in
the process of developing, assistance programs for supporting companies who manufacture biobased products.
The USDA Rural Development Program
may also have grants available.
- Q: If my product is qualified through the mandatory Federal purchasing initiative,
do I still have to apply for the certification label, or is it automatic?
A: Even if your product already participates in the mandatory Federal purchasing initiative, you must still
apply for certification to use the USDA Certified Biobased Product label.
- Q: If there is no product category already established for my product, what do I do?
A: You can still submit an application for certification in the "Other" product category, but your product
will not be eligible for mandatory Federal purchasing. Products for which there is no minimum biobased content already
established must be at least 25% biobased. You may also fill out
if you wish to suggest a new category. Suggestions will be considered in future product category designations, and if
selected, may be designated for mandatory Federal purchasing in a few years.
Q: I am having trouble accessing my account.
A: Please follow the instructions in the
Troubleshooting Account Access Tutorial.
Q: Q: I need to access an existing company account.
A: Please follow the instructions in the
Company Account Access Tutorial
in order to create your own user account and access an existing company account.
The Certification Process
- Q: How long does the approval process take once I apply for the USDA Certified Biobased Product label?
entire certification process,
from application through testing, generally takes about 60 days, if companies provide thorough, prompt responses to
Program inquiries. When companies do not reply to inquiries, time to certification becomes indefinitely longer.
Given the wide range of factors that influence time to certification, be aware that we cannot guarantee certification
by a certain date.
- Q: How are applications for the USDA Certified Biobased Product label evaluated?
A: USDA and its contractor, Amec Foster Wheeler, will review each application. They will contact the company
with any additional questions before rejecting or pre-qualifying the application. Applications are evaluated on accuracy
and thoroughness of content, overall fit with the Program, and eligibility of the product in question.
- Q: If I've already had my products tested with one of the approved laboratories,
can I use those test results to obtain certification?
A: No. Only products tested using the order outlined
as specified by the Program guidelines,are eligible for certification. If a product was tested outside the Program,
it will need to be re-tested at the proper time during the certification process to receive certification.
- Q: What if my company sells two or more products made of the same or
A: If products in the same company account have similar formulations (their biobased contents are
within +/-3% of one another), they may be
put in a product family together.
The biobased content of only one product per family must be tested. Variations of the same product (different sizes, colors, or scents) are not considered to be separate products and should not be added to a product family together. These should be listed as variations of a single product when prompted in the application.
- Q: What if my USDA Certified Biobased Product is sold under another
company's brand (private labeling)?
A: If a product is identical in formulation to an already-certified product sold by another company,
it may be exempt from testing. The company marketing and selling the product should create an account and
submit a test-exempt application
to the Program. They may receive certification for their product through this method if the manufacturer
chooses to share their certification. Testing with ASTM D6866 is not required for this process.
- Q: Where can I get a list of approved testing laboratories?
A: A list of approved laboratories is available from ASTM International
- Q: Where can I find additional information about the sampling, test specimens, and testing required for the Program's voluntary labeling initiative?
has more information.
- Q: Is third party verification of biobased content required for a product
to be displayed in the BioPreferred Program's catalog?
A: USDA does not require manufacturers to provide third party verification of biobased content in
order to be listed in the catalog through the mandatory Federal purchasing initiative. The manufacturer must
self-certify that they meet the minimum biobased content set for their product's category in order to be
included in the catalog. However, a Federal agency considering the purchase of your product may require third
party verification. Products listed in the catalog through the voluntary labeling initiative have received
third party verification of their biobased contents as part of the certification process.
Once your product is certified:
- Q: What is the auditing process for products or packages that obtain the USDA Certified Biobased Product label?
A: USDA will
USDA Certified Biobased Products and Packaging to ensure that these products and packaging contain the biobased
content that is displayed on the label.
Q: How can I use the label on my website/ advertising/ marketing?
A: The use of BioPreferred Program terminology and the label are closely regulated by the USDA.
Please refer to the
before distributing information about the Program or your company's involvement in the Program. Any violations
found by Program staff should be addressed promptly, or the company in question may have its certification revoked.
- Q: What should I do if I change the name of my product or company?
A: Any company or product name changes must be documented in the online system. Please follow the
name change procedures.
- Q: What should I do if I change the formulation of my product?
A: If the formulation of a certified product changes please contact the BioPreferred Program's
support staff and provide details about the type and magnitude of the change. Product retesting may be required.
- Q: How do manufacturers/vendors make Federal agencies aware of the
qualified products they have to offer?
A: The first step is to add a product in the Program's database. If approved as a product qualified
for mandatory Federal purchasing, it will appear in the
USDA BioPreferred Catalog.
There are also some resources to help companies learn how to sell biobased products to the Federal government on the
Training and Education Resources page.
- Q: Are products that display the USDA Certified Biobased Product label independently tested for biobased content?
A: Yes, products are tested for biobased content by an ASTM-certified third party lab to verify the
biobased content in the product using ASTM D6866.
The standard is cited in Federal law
(7 CFR part 3201.7)
and is internationally recognized.
- Q: Are biobased products "safer" or "better" for the environment than non-biobased
A: The USDA Certified Biobased Product label is not a guarantee or warranty of safety or an expression of
environmental preference or impact. The increased use of biobased products is expected to help reduce petroleum consumption
by increasing the use of renewable resources, reducing the amount of additional carbon released into the atmosphere. This
may help to better manage the carbon cycle, and in turn, reduce resultant adverse environmental and health impacts. For
more information on environmental marketing claims please refer to the Federal Trade Commission's
Q: What do I do if I injure myself or my property, swallow or become ill, or find myself in a dangerous situation while using a product in the BioPreferred Program?
A: If you have an emergency involving a product in the USDA BioPreferred Program,
please call your local emergency service (911 in the U.S.), Poison Control (1-800-222-1222), or consult a doctor.
Please do not call the Program's phone number for emergency assistance. Our staff is not trained to handle emergency
situations regarding products participating in the Program and is not available after hours, on holidays, or on weekends.
- Q: Does a higher percentage of biobased content mean a product is "better"?
A: Biobased content percentages indicate the percentage of renewable, "new" organic carbon in a product. More renewable organic carbon does not necessarily indicate superior performance, safety, or environmental impact.
- Q: Do biobased products earn points related to LEED certification?
A: Biobased products may help to achieve Materials and Resources Credits 6 (MR 6) as well as additional credit
categories. Using products that are biobased, in addition to meeting
other LEED criteria, may earn 1 LEED point. See the
LEED website for more information.
For Federal Contractors and Contracting Officers:
- Q: Which Federal agencies are required to participate in this program?
A: All Federal agencies including the Department of Defense and Federal agency contractors must
give preference to biobased products within categories that have been
designated for mandatory Federal purchasing.
- Q: How do I report biobased purchases, and who should I contact if I have
questions about reporting?
A: Biobased product purchases are reported through the System for Award Management (SAM). You can find
more information about reporting on their
and can contact their help desk with any questions.
- Q: When must I report my biobased product spending to my contracting
officer and SAM?
A: We recommend reporting biobased purchases throughout the year as the purchases are made. Spending
for the previous fiscal year (October 1st through September 30th) is required to be reported by October 31st of
- Q: When will proposed rules be available to designate additional product
categories for a Federal Procurement Preference?
A: The designation of additional categories and rules for mandatory Federal purchasing is mandated by
the Federal government, and will be published in the CFR, future Farm Bills, Executive Orders, or other
legislation. New categories will be published after a sufficient amount of information has been collected on
products within each category.
- Q: How do manufacturers/vendors make Federal agencies aware of the
qualified biobased products they have to offer?
A: All USDA Certified Biobased Products and qualified biobased products are listed in the Program's
There are also a number of other methods for locating biobased products, including GSA Advantage!, the Ability
One catalog, the Safer Choice catalog, and DOD Emall.
- Q: Who should I contact if I still have questions about biobased product
spending or purchasing requirements?
A: Your contracting officer or supervisor. The
Training and Education Resources page of our website
may also have helpful information.
- Q: Which sections of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) deal with
A: FAR sections 7.103, 11.002, 13.2F, 15.1, 23.000, 23.002, 23.4, 52.223-1, and 52.223-2.